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Hypertensive Nephropathy

What is Hypertensive Nephropathy?

What are the tests for Hypertensive Nephropathy?

What Causes Hypertensive Nephropathy?

What are the symptoms of Hypertensive Nephropathy?

Diet for Hypertensive Nephropathy

What are the treatments for Hypertensive Nephropathy?

What is Hypertensive Nephropathy?

Hypertensive Nephropathy is a kind of kidney disorder caused by years of hypertension. Without timely treatment, it progresses to kidney failure which needs sufferers to do dialysis or kidney transplant. Similar with other kinds of kidney diseases, Hypertensive Nephropathy is easy to be ignored in the early stage, so many patients are diagnosed with advanced kidney disease once they found they are suffering kidney problem.

Long terms high blood pressure causes kidney problem easily. According to studies, Hypertensive Nephropathy occurs more easily among women than men. Usually, primary Hypertension tends to appear when people grow to 25 to 45, but symptoms of kidney damages caused by Hypertension appears when people grow to the age from 40 to 60.

Hypertension is such a common disease that many people do not take it seriously. Actually, short term high blood pressure hardly causes kidney problem; thereby, as long as Hypertension patients control their blood pressure actively, it is quite possible for them to avoid Hypertensive Nephropathy.

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What are the tests for Hypertensive Nephropathy?

1. Uric Albumin Test: Hypertension damages kidney due to persistent high impact to renal capillary and for Hypertensive Nephropathy patients, they usually have increased albumin in urine.

2.β2 Microglobulin in Urine: Tests about β2 microglobulin in urine has been widely considered as the sensitive index of measuring Glomerular Filtration Rate and readsorption function of renal tubule. For Hypertensive Nephropathy patients, β2 microglobulin in their urine increases and reduces when they bring their blood pressure under control.

3.Sediments: Sediments helps to diagnosis whether there are too much malformed red blood cells in urine and if there are, it always indicates kidney problem.

4.Urinary N-acetyl-B-D-glucosaminidase: Hypertensive Nephropathy patients without any treatments always have increased urinary N-acetyl-B-D-glucosaminidase, so measuring urinary

N-acetyl-B-D-glucosaminidase will help to diagnose Hypertensive Nephropathy.

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What Causes Hypertensive Nephropathy?

Kidney is a bean-shaped organ with function of filtering blood, during which, nutrition can be reserved in blood and meanwhile, wastes can be filtered out. Hypertension increases impacts to vascular wall, which allows protein leak from our blood. In our kidneys, there are lots of blood vessels and long term leakage of protein damages the filtration system of our kidney. When glomerular filtration membrane is damaged, more and more protein leak, so vicious circle occurs.

In Hypertensive Nephropathy, proteinuria is just one of the symptoms that can, in turn, worsen kidney damages. Besides, when kidney damages occurs, uncontrolled high blood pressure, mental pressure, unhealthy diet and bad living habits all can accelerate Hypertensive Nephropathy. Therefore, controlling symptoms and these risk factors are very important for slowing down or stopping the progression of Hypertensive Nephropathy.

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What are the symptoms of Hypertensive Nephropathy?

Having a through knowledge about symptoms of Hypertensive Nephropathy contributes to the general diagnosis about whether Hypertension patients are suffering kidney damages. Now, let's have a look about common symptoms of Hypertension Nephropathy.

1. Frequent urination at night

Long term high blood pressure damages renal tubule which has reabsorption function. In normal cases, we do not go to urinate at night, but with damaged renal tubule, we may go to urinate for at least 3 times a night.

2. Changed urine color

With Hypertensive Nephropathy, our urine may become dark orange, tea-color and even red.

3. Bubbles in urine

Bubbly urine indicates there are excessive protein in urine. In clinical, this symptom is called proteinuria and usually the more protein in urine, the more serious the Hypertensive Nephropathy is.

4. Edema

Edema is a symptom of kidney disease. At the early stage of Hypertensive Nephropathy, edema may only appear at our eyes, face, ankles, but with the worsening of kidney damage, it can occur in our whole body.

5. Hypoproteinemia

Large amounts of protein are lost from urine, leading to the occurrence of hypoproteinemia.

6.Hyperlipemia

These are the common symptoms of Hypertension Nephropathy and because of different illness condition, some patients may experience some rare signs.

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Diet for Hypertensive Nephropathy

Diet has close relationship with the severity of Hypertensive Nephropathy. For patients with Hypertensive Nephropathy, to bring kidney damages under control effectively, arranging diet according to the following principles is necessary.

1. low-salt diet should be followed

The Hypertensive Nephropathy patients should limit the daily intake of salt because ingesting too much salt will aggravate high blood pressure and this is not good for preventing further kidney damages. Usually, the daily intake of salt should be limited within 6g. Apart from helping to control high blood pressure, limiting salt intake is also helpful for remitting swelling.

2.Proper calories intake

Hypertensive Nephropathy patients suffer from disorder of lipid metabolism easily. Proper calories intake not only helps to maintain a healthy body weight, but also contributes to the remission of metabolic disorders.

3. Take moderate protein

Protein is the necessary nutrition for our body, but in terms of Hypertensive Nephropathy, too much protein can accelerate the progression of it. Therefore, limiting protein intake is also necessary. Generally speaking, 50g protein should be given to our body if there is no obvious kidney damage, but if there is, the protein intake should dcreases to 20g to 40g per day.

4. High vitamin diet

Ingesting adequate vitamin, especially vitamin B, helps to regulate our metabolism, which is helpful for control Hypertensive Nephropathy.

5. Drink some tea

Tea polyphenol plays an important role in promoting fat metabolism, so Hypertensive Nephropathy patients can drink some tea in their daily life.

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What are the treatments for Hypertensive Nephropathy?

Oral medicine for Hypertensive Nephropathy

In some country, especially in some western countries, Hypertensive Nephropathy patients usually are prescribed some hypotensor like ACEI inhibitors, Beta-blockers, Calcium channel blockers and Diuretics to control high blood pressure. And then prescribe some oral medicines that focus on symptoms like high creatinine, protein and edema to control kidney damages.These medicines present side effects quickly and kidney disease can be controlled temporarily, but once they stop taking medicines or reduce the dose, kidney disease relapse immediately.

Hypertensive Nephropathy, as a secondary disease of Hypertension, in turn cause renal hypertension. High blood pressure accelerates the progression of kidney disease, so it is necessary to bring blood pressure under control with hypotensor. However, in terms of kidney problem, we not only need not prevent further kidney damages, we also need to repair kidney damages and only in this way, can our kidney function well. Therefore, Hypertensive Nephropathy patients need to notice that whether medicines they are taking have function to repair kidney damages, if they really want to stop kidney disorder radically.

Traditional Chinese Medicine

Traditional Chinese Medicine is a natural treatment with a history of more than 5000 years. In past times, Traditional Chinese Medicine has been applied to deal with different rare diseases and in some cases, it indeed showed visible treatment effects.

As a traditional treatment, Chinese Medicines already have been proven to be effective in lowering blood pressure. What's more, some Chinese medicines can repair kidney damages by means of anti-inflammation, anti-coagulation, extension to blood vessels as well as degrading extracellular matrixes, which is of great meaning for patient's recovery. In theory, hypertensive Nephropathy patients with kidney disease in early stage are likely to avoid kidney failure through specific Chinese medicines that can repair kidney damages. However, due to its slow effects, it is far from enough for Hypertensive Nephropathy patients to recover simply with Traditional Chinese Medicines.

Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is a compound treatment, which combines Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy, an advanced therapy that with different usage of Chinese medicines, and western oral medicines.

We know western medicines work fast but fail to prevent further kidney damages fundamentally. And Chinese medicines have function to stop kidney disease from the root, but work slowly. Considering the respective advantages of these two treatments, Immunotherapy is finally created.

In Immunotherapy, oral medicines are used firstly to control high blood pressure and other symptoms. And then once patient's illness condition gets stable, Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy is applied to regulate patient's internal condition, by means of which, not only damaged renal functional cells can be activated, but also bloodstream flowing into kidneys can be increased. As more and more blood flow into kidneys, GFR increases to some extend. Also, together with activated renal intrinsic cells, kidney function gets improved.

In Immunotherapy, Micro-Chinese Medicine takes the key point for patient's recovery. Chinese medicines work slowly, so they consume patients a very long time to achieve the expecting purpose. When Hypertensive Nephropathy runs to a certain stage, it is relatively urgent for patients to stop and repair kidney damages. Considering this, Chinese medicines are external used to directly work on the location of kidney. In this way, treatment effects can be found in a relatively short time.

Immunotherapy focus the advantageous of western medicine and Chinese medicines, in which way, Hypertensive Nephropathy can be controlled fundamentally within limited time.

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